By Howard Jackson

ISBN-10: 144112151X

ISBN-13: 9781441121516

A complete consultant to the character of language and an creation to linguistic research. this can be a fresh variation of «An creation to the character and features of Language», the bestselling English Language textbook. With complete insurance of the character of language and linguistic research, this publication is ideal for these learning language for the 1st time. issues coated comprise discourse research, language acquisition, language swap, and the background of English, including examinations of other modes of discourse in addition to the elements of language itself. The e-book beneficial properties bankruptcy summaries, research questions, and case reviews along feedback for venture paintings and prolonged examine. the certainty of the themes is aided by way of a thesaurus of phrases and a bibliography. there's additionally a significant other site with scholar and lecturer assets. initially released in 1996, and now totally revised, this middle textual content has been utilized by hundreds of thousands of scholars learning English Language. it truly is an available and fascinating advisor to the fundamentals of language and linguistics for college kids on A and AS-level classes in addition to being excellent these on their first 12 months at undergraduate point on Language or Linguistics classes.

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Sample text

P u n c tu a tio n d o e s n o t fu lfil in w r itin g the s a m e fu n c tio n s th a t in to n a tio n fu lfils in speech. T h e e x c la m a tio n m a r k a n d q u e s tio n m a r k c o u ld perhaps b e associated w ith features o f stress a n d in to n a tio n . For exam ple , an e x c la m a tio n m a r k at th e e n d o l She w as a w o nderful w o m a n ! w o u ld in c lin e y o u to read th is w ith a ris in g nuc le us o n W O N d e r fd . T h e c o m m a , s e m ic o lo n a n d c o lo n are used to m a r k s tru c tu ra l u n its w ith in a sentence, e specially w here there is lik e ly to b e a m b ig u ity in re a d in g it.

Speakers in th e M id la n d s a n d N o rth use a h ig h b a c k ro u n d e d vo w e l /u / instead. B a c k v o w e ls E n g lis h ha s five b a c k vowels, fr o m h ig h to lo w those in fo o d , good, fo rd , G od , g u a rd . l long m id back rounded vowel (also symbolized by I x l ) G o d l o i short low back rounded vowel (also symbolized by In i) guard f a i l long low back spread vowel. g. ask, grass, la u g h , p a t h . T h is is o ne o f th e m a in differences b etw een s o u th e rn a n d n o r th e r n E n g lis h accents, together w ith th e /λ / (s o u th e rn ) versus / o l (n o r th e r n ) d ille re n c e in w o rd s lik e b ud , com e, fu n .

H o w we h o ld a pe n o r p e n c il, w hether w e are left o r rig h t h a n d e d , the an gle o f th e p e n to the paper, all c o n trib u te to m a k in g o u r h a n d w r itin g in d iv id u a l. W e also share features o f o u r accent (th e w ay w c speak) w ith p a r tic u la r g ro u p s in society (sec fu r th e r C h a p te r 6 ). I f w c a rc M id la n d e r s o r N o rth e rn e rs o f E n g la n d , w c w ill pro b a b ly say /gras/ a n d /k u p / rathe r th a n S o u th e rn /g ru :s / a n d /lo\p/.

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