By Keijiro Otsuka
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Additional info for Agriculture in Developing Countries
Estimation was done by using a fixed-effects approach for the pooled cross section and time series data set. Using the elasticity of TFP with respect to research investment, one can easily estimate the value of marginal product (additional product value) of research investment (R) as: VMP (R) = b × (V/R) Where, R = the research investment V = the value of the production associated with TFP b = the TFP elasticity of research investment Estimated in the TFP determinant equation above, the benefit stream generated under the assumption that the benefit of investment made in research in period (t – 1) will start generating a benefit after a lag of years at an increasing rate in the beginning, remain constant for a period of time and thereafter decline following the typical inverted ‘V’ shape curve.
No. Crops 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 73 Note s: P = Production in million tonnes. A = Area in million hectares. Y = Productivity (yield) in kg per ha. Impact of Research Investment on Rate of Return in Major Field Crops in Karnataka The rate of return to agricultural research was estimated by using the total factor productivity (TFP) analysis. S. G. Chengappa and Aldas Janaiah effort has been quantified through the total factor productivity index. This, in turn, was applied to the total area of crops to obtain the gross benefit of the research endeavour.
Cornell University Press. Government of Karnataka. 1993. ‘Stagnation of Agricultural Productivity in Karnataka During 1980s’, Report of the Expert Committee, Government of Karnataka, Bangalore. Kumar, P. and Mruthunjaya. 1992. ‘Measurement and Analysis of Total Factor Productivity Growth in Wheat’, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 47 (3): pp. 451–57. Kumar, P. and W. Mark Rosegrant. 1994. ‘Productivity and Sources of Growth for Rice in India’, Economic and Political Weekly, 29 (53): pp.
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