By Dara Z. Strolovitch

ISBN-10: 0226777413

ISBN-13: 9780226777412

The usa boasts rankings of corporations that provide the most important illustration for teams which are marginalized in nationwide politics, from ladies to racial minorities to the negative. the following, within the first systematic learn of those agencies, Dara Z. Strolovitch explores the demanding situations and possibilities they face within the new millennium, as waning criminal discrimination coincides with expanding political and monetary inequalities within the populations they symbolize. Drawing on wealthy new information from a survey of 286 corporations and interviews with 40 officers, Strolovitch unearths that groups too frequently prioritize the pursuits in their so much advantaged participants: male instead of woman racial minorities, for instance, or prosperous instead of negative girls. yet Strolovitch additionally unearths that many enterprises try and treatment this inequity, and he or she concludes through distilling their most sensible practices right into a set of rules that she calls affirmative advocacy—a type of illustration that goals to beat the entrenched yet usually sophisticated biases opposed to humans on the intersection of multiple marginalized workforce. Intelligently combining political concept with subtle empirical tools, Affirmative Advocacy might be required analyzing for college kids and students of yankee politics.

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Extra info for Affirmative Advocacy: Race, Class, and Gender in Interest Group Politics

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The same universal issue— Social Security—was used as the fourth issue for all groups, thus also serving as a control issue. So, for example, respondents from Asian Pacific American organizations were asked about hate crime as a majority issue, as all Asian Pacific Americans are, theoretically, equally likely to be victims of hate crime. Respondents from these organizations were asked about affirmative action in government contracting as an advantaged-subgroup issue, as this issue affects primarily Asian Pacific American business owners, a relatively privileged subgroup of all Asian Pacific Americans.

Instead, adherents of an intersectional approach contend, the problem is that all of these organizations are traditionally organized around single axes of discrimination and are sectoral in their analyses of social problems. As a result, these organizations fail to recognize that subgroups of their constituents are caught at the crossroads of multiple forms of disadvantage. Consequently, organizations erase and fail to address issues 24 · chapter two that affect subgroups of their constituencies whose marginalized positions are constituted by the intersections of different forms of disadvantage (Crenshaw 1989; C.

14 While a useful supplement to intersectional understandings, such a strategic approach is insufficiently attentive to the issues of power and marginalization emphasized by intersectional paradigms. Strategic paradigms therefore conflate small advantaged subgroups with small disadvantaged subgroups, suggesting low levels of activity on behalf of both. The elisions of both intersectional and Downsian paradigms can be addressed, and the strengths of each approach harnessed, by expanding the key aspects of both frameworks to produce the four-part public policy issue typology that I introduced in chapter 1 (see fig.

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