By Jon D. Patrick & Ilari Zubiri Ibarrondo

ISBN-10: 3895864447

ISBN-13: 9783895864445

This ebook is a pragmatic instruction manual of the grammar of the basque language. it truly is aimed toward the 1st 3 years of a school basque language curriculum. The e-book is outfitted at the vast subject different types outlined through HABE as very important for the 1st four degrees of basque language competence. The authors' event of attending sessions on the greater degrees of 5-12 were drawn directly to make certain the remainder commonest language gains scholar should be uncovered to on the street, from tv programmes, newspapers and radio. Competency in all of the contents of the publication could verify a scholar used to be on the uppermost finish of the size of 2d language speaker competency. a distinct characteristic of the textual content is its explanatory sort. every one subject is mentioned after which a chain of sentence examples in basque are awarded besides their english translation. In overall there are approximately 2300 instance pairs of sentences within the ebook. Importantly every one instance is used to target a specific point of the language. to assist the coed precise notes are extra to English translations to give an explanation for edition within the translation from the literal shape. The e-book additionally features a set of Appendices of the auxiliary verb pardigms in a clearest layout but released. additionally it includes a set of Appendices of the most typical varieties of compound and artificial verbs. Chapters: 1. PHONETICS - FONETIKA. 2. creation TO MORPHOLOGY - MORFOLOGIARI SARRERA. three. DECLENSION - DEKLINABIDEA. four. MORPHOLOGY - MORFOLOGIA. five. THE VERB - ADITZA. 6. SYNTAX - SINTAXIS. 7. NOTIONS / parts - NOZIOAK

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Extra resources for A Student Grammar of Euskara

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For example: etxe ume txakur : house : child : dog Euskara has an extensive declension system for noun phrases which eliminates the need for prepositions. Some examples of declined nouns are presented below, but this feature is dealt with in far greater detail in chapter 3 . ume umea umeak umeari umearentzat umearen umearekin umeaz umearengan umearengana umearengandik : : : : : : : : : : : child { absolutive } the chi ld { nominative } the child { ergative } to the child { dative } to the child { benefactive } of the child { possessive-genitive } with the child { comitative } about the child { instrumental } on the child { locative/inessive } to the child { allative } from the child { ablative/elative } 19 A Student Grammar of Euskara There are two c1asses of nouns: Common noulls Proper nouns : ume, txakur, mendi, etxe : Amaia, Aitor, Gernika, Gorbea ••• ••.

4. 1 . PROPER NOUNS - Izen Bereziak C mmon no uns ean take any of the three forms. In effect, common nouns need an article ? (smg lar or p lural) to refer to definite objects. Proper nouns, on the other hand, do not take � artlcle, since they already, by their very nature, make reference to people or particular p aces Or o bjects. 5. INTERROGATIVES : WHAT, WHICH, HOW MANY, HOW MUCH - Galdetzaileak: ZER, ZEIN, ZENBAT All interrogatives are decl i ned in the i ndefl n i te form, but these three present a greater diffi­ culty, s inee they ean be found on their own just as easily as with other words , and, i n that ease the aeeompanying word is decJi ned.

AzokaRA noa AzokaTIK nator EtxeAN nago While all declensions have formal grammatical names, another convention for referencing them is to use the equivalent interrogative word, such as: NORA? NONDIK? NON? ) - to home - from home at home - So forming a declension consists of taking a word and applying a suffix to it. For example: NOR : who NORI : to whom NOREN : whose NOREKIN : with whom NORENTZAT : for whom : : : : : mutilA mutilARI mutilA REN mutiIAREKIN mutiIARENZ AT : the boy : to the boy : the boy's : with the boy : for the boy Each suffix is a different declension case and there are two different classes of cases, that is, for animate beings and inanimate things.

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