By Michael Hegarty
This e-book develops rules of Minimalist syntax to derive practical different types from the partially-ordered good points expressed through useful parts, thereby allotting with practical different types as primitives of the idea. It generalizes makes an attempt to do that within the literature, whereas drawing major empirical outcomes from common constraints formulated to dam overgeneration. The ensuing thought of the development of useful different types is utilized to varied difficulties in syntactic research and comparative and historic syntax, together with edition throughout Germanic languages in styles of verb-second and within the prevalence of expletive topics in existential structures, verb positions in outdated and center English, difficulties in regards to the placement of clitic pronouns in Romance languages and glossy Greek, and a few formerly unexamined constructions of decreased clause coordination in colloquial English. proof from early levels of the purchase of syntax are proven to persist with from the mechanisms for the projection of practical positive aspects as useful different types, exercised earlier than the entire gains for a language, in addition to their ordering and have co-occurrence regulations, were got. it's saw that kid acquisition of useful parts indicates successive developmental levels, every one characterised by means of the variety of clausal sensible parts that are represented jointly inside of a clause. This, and evidence in regards to the lag in improvement of practical different types by means of young children with particular language impairment, are proven to be now not totally reducible to obstacles in operating reminiscence or processing skill, yet to count partly at the development of representational assets for the projection of useful different types
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Additional info for A Feature-Based Syntax of Functional Categories: The Structure, Acquisition and Specific Impairment of Functional Systems
T+ , + ] English indicatives, Balkan tensed subjunctives, etc. The table in (58) shares with Landau the intuition that obligatory control is typologically more diverse, but drastically simplifies the “calculus of control” in Landau’s terms. Under (58), finding out whether or not a given clause licenses obligatory control does not need to take the features of C into consideration, for I is sufficient: if either [T] or  is deficient, obligatory control is possible. 4 below for further discussion).
22 Here we will primarily focus on Landau (2004)’s analysis of obligatory control, which he takes to replace his older treatment (Landau 1999, 2000). For discussion of the limitations of his previous treatment, see Hornstein (2003) and Landau (2007) for a rejoinder. 22 Some historical background (33) ∗ The chair managed [PRO to gather/meet at 6/to apply together for the grant] It is fair to say that, after Landau’s work, partial control came to be part of the empirical basis that any approach to obligatory control must take into consideration.
Thus, the proposed composite-“coindexing” relations should be subject to the same skepticism we accord the Barriers approach to A-movement, which licenses A-traces by resorting to a chain coindexing mechanism combining Spec-head agreement with head-to-head government (see Chomsky 1986a, section 11). The non-explanatory nature of the proposal is further highlighted when Landau’s account of (51) is examined in light of his take on the impossibility of PRO in indicative clauses. As we saw in (39), the feature specification proposed for indicatives involved the features [+T] and [+Agr] for I and no features for C.
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