By John K. Nelson

ISBN-10: 0807826634

ISBN-13: 9780807826638

During this publication, John Nelson reconstructs daily Anglican spiritual perform and event in Virginia from the tip of the 17th century to the beginning of the yank Revolution. tough prior characterizations of the colonial Anglican institution as vulnerable, he unearths the basic function the church performed within the political, social, and financial in addition to the non secular lives of its parishioners. Drawing on broad examine in parish and county files and different basic assets, Nelson describes Anglican Virginia's parish method, its parsons, its rituals of worship and rites of passage, and its parishioners' various relationships to the church. All colonial Virginians--men and ladies, wealthy and bad, old and young, planters and retailers, servants and slaves, dissenters and freethinkers--belonged to a parish. As such, they have been topic to its levies, its authority over marriage, and different social and fiscal dictates. as well as its spiritual features, the parish supplied crucial deal with the negative, collaborated with the courts to deal with civil disputes, and exerted its effect over many different facets of neighborhood lifestyles. A Blessed corporation demonstrates that, through creatively adapting Anglican parish association and the language, kinds, and modes of Anglican spirituality to the Chesapeake's unique environmental and human stipulations, colonial Virginians sustained a remarkably potent and devoted Anglican church within the previous Dominion.

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Extra info for A Blessed Company: Parishes, Parsons, and Parishioners in Anglican Virginia, 1690-1776

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8 Those found guilty as charged in Virginia paid fines that were turned over to the parishes to be used in assisting the poor. Nowhere is there evidence that parish vestrymen or county court justices viewed themselves respectively to be primarily ‘‘religious’’ or ‘‘civil’’ officials. Nor is there evidence that they made such distinctions among the array of responsibilities they bore separately or jointly. Deciding to build a church, hiring a parson, appointing tobacco inspectors, or binding out an orphan were all understood as ‘‘normal’’ or ‘‘natural’’ functions of the parish vestry, reflecting a sense of community united in its beliefs, values, and needs.

Pace with population growth. In , Virginia’s forty-seven parishes served an estimated population of ,, an average of , persons per parish. If the parish was intended primarily, although not exclusively, for its white inhabitants, then the mean per parish in  was  persons. By , , Virginians were distributed among fifty-three parishes, an average of , persons per parish. But half of the population increase after  was accounted for by the importation of African slaves; thus the parish average of the white population in  stood at , persons.

By , , Virginians were distributed among fifty-three parishes, an average of , persons per parish. But half of the population increase after  was accounted for by the importation of African slaves; thus the parish average of the white population in  stood at , persons. In  Virginia had ninety-two parishes serving a white population that had mushroomed to almost ,. 20 Virginia’s parishes varied greatly in size and shape as well as in numbers of inhabitants. 22 By contrast, Augusta, the enormous open-ended Mountain parish created in with eastern boundaries along the summit of the Blue Ridge Mountains and extending uncircumscribed to the west and south, included , tithables when organized in .

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