By Podufalov N. D.

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Linear groups, with an exposition of the Galois field theory

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The principal implication of this discussion for stereotype formation is that stereotypical knowledge should include knowledge about both covariation and mechanisms. Known covariations between features provide the framework to create categories, but these become more psychologically Stereotype formation as category formation 31 prepotent when they are linked to causal mechanisms which explain that covariation. Using the covariation-mechanism distinction: defining stereotypes in more detail The covariation-mechanism distinction puts us in a position to define stereotypes in considerable detail.

Is, how do stereotypes form? More elaborately, what does it mean to say that a stereotype has formed? In line with the previous discussion, stereotype formation must refer to more than just the development of a stereotypical depiction. Rather, it must refer to the development of a set of constraint relations between background knowledge, perceived equivalence and group labels. These must be capable of generating stereotypical depictions that can inform behaviour towards the members of the stereotyped group and facilitate communication between members of currently relevant groups to which the perceiver belongs.

Under conditions that can be specified reasonably precisely then, stereotypes can become long lasting 20 McGarty because people can make them concrete thereby potentially creating lasting traces of elements of these stereotypes in their own minds, and also to communicate them in symbolic form to other people. To paraphrase Wittgenstein: that which we can speak of we need not pass over in silence. Having defined what it means for a stereotype to be formed the constraint relations formulation is helpful for discussing the key distinction in cognitive work on category formation and use: whether category formation is widely understood to be similarity or theory-based.

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